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Following the partition of Ireland in 1922, Dublin became the capital of the Irish Free State, later renamed Ireland. Dublin (/ˈdʌblɪn/, locally /ˈdʊb-/; Irish: Baile Átha Cliath[11] [ˈbˠalʲə aːhə ˈclʲiə; ˌbʲlʲaː ˈclʲiə]) is the capital and largest city of Ireland. Its sole constituent college, Trinity College (TCD), was established by Royal Charter in 1592 under Elizabeth I. The average maximum January temperature is 8.8 °C (48 °F), while the average maximum July temperature is 20.2 °C (68 °F). Sited to the south-east of Norman Dublin, the castle formed one corner of the outer perimeter of the city, using the River Poddle as a natural means of defence. It replaces Nelson's Pillar and is intended to mark Dublin's place in the 21st century. [77], A number of Dublin's traditional industries, such as food processing, textile manufacturing, brewing, and distilling have gradually declined, although Guinness has been brewed at the St. James's Gate Brewery since 1759. The Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland (RCSI) conducts a medical school which is a recognised college of the NUI, and is situated at St. Stephen's Green in the city centre; there are also large medical schools within UCD and Trinity College. There is a GAA Museum there and tours of the stadium are offered, including a rooftop walk of the stadium. Januar 1994 wurde das County Dublin per Gesetz aufgelöst und auf die neuen Countys Fingal, Dún Laoghaire-Rathdown und South Dublin sowie die nun selbständige Stadt Dublin aufgeteilt. p. 44. Companies such as Microsoft, Google, Amazon, eBay, PayPal, Yahoo!, Facebook, Twitter, Accenture and Pfizer now have European headquarters and/or operational bases in the city, with several located in enterprise clusters like the Digital Hub and Silicon Docks. Lassen Sie sich das Nachtleben der Stadt nicht entgehen: Unternehmen Sie eine Kneipentour und genießen Sie die beschwingte Musik. [99] By 2016 this increased to 27.9 million passengers passing through the airport, establishing an all-time record supported by growth in both short- and long-haul networks. The airport offers a short and medium haul network, domestic services to regional airports in Ireland, and long-haul services to the United States, Canada, the Middle East and Hong Kong. [100], From 2010 to 2016, Dublin Airport saw an increase of nearly 9.5 million passengers in its annual traffic,[100] as the number of commercial aircraft movements has similarly followed a growth trend from 163,703 in 2013 to 191,233 in 2015.[102]. The Guardian noted that Dublin's independent and underground arts flourished during the economic recession of c.2010. According to some historians, part of the city's early economic growth is attributed to a trade in slaves. Dublin, Irland. The Viking settlement of about 841, Dyflin, and a Gaelic settlement, Áth Cliath ("ford of hurdles")[23] further up river, at the present day Father Mathew Bridge (also known as Dublin Bridge), at the bottom of Church Street. Return Location . The spire was designed by Ian Ritchie Architects,[68] who sought an "Elegant and dynamic simplicity bridging art and technology". There are many green-spaces around the city, and Dublin City Council manages over 1,500 hectares (3,700 acres) of parks. A number of Irish language agencies are also located in the capital. [24], Dublin celebrated its 'official' millennium in 1988, meaning the Irish government recognised 988 as the year in which the city was settled and that this first settlement would later become the city of Dublin.[25]. The Irish public administration and management training centre has its base in Dublin, the Institute of Public Administration provides a range of undergraduate and post graduate awards via the National University of Ireland and in some instances, Queen's University Belfast. The National Aquatic Centre in Blanchardstown is Ireland's largest indoor water leisure facility. [16] Later expanded as a Viking settlement, the Kingdom of Dublin, the city became Ireland's principal settlement following the Norman invasion. Starbucks in Ireland: Blanchardstown, Cork, Dublin, N/AUnit G25, Kingsale RoadNew Passengers Terminal, MBU PLEASE PROVIDE ADDRESS, Harcourt BuildingUnit 1, 1 College Green, West End Retail ParkUnit 4, 12 St Stephens Green, 63 and 65 Mespil Road, Mainstreet (Old Post Office), , UNKNOWN, Unit B7 Beacon South Quarter, DUBLIN - EXCHANGE HOUSE, IF SC, Main Terminal, Level 4m, Office … The best known area for nightlife is Temple Bar, south of the River Liffey. In 2009, Dublin was listed as the fourth richest city in the world by purchasing power and 10th richest by personal income. Following the UK’s departure from the EU, Ireland will also be the only fully common-law, English speaking country in the EU. Baile Átha Cliath, meaning "town of the hurdled ford", is the common name for the city in modern Irish. However, in winter, easterly winds render the city colder and more prone to snow showers. The first Irish side to reach the group stages of a European competition (2011–12 UEFA Europa League group stage) are Shamrock Rovers, who play at Tallaght Stadium in South Dublin. Dublin is also the headquarters of national newspapers such as The Irish Times and Irish Independent, as well as local newspapers such as The Evening Herald. The city centre is also the location of large department stores, including Arnotts, Brown Thomas and (prior to its 2015 closure) Clerys. Car rental in Ireland and in 105 countries worldwide. The Dublin area hosts greyhound racing at Shelbourne Park and horse racing at Leopardstown. Buchung bis: 1. Following Mac Murrough's death, Strongbow declared himself King of Leinster after gaining control of the city. Its 16-kilometre (10 mi) perimeter wall encloses 707 hectares (1,750 acres), making it one of the largest walled city parks in Europe. It also has conference and banqueting facilities. The area has become popular among tourists, including stag and hen parties from Britain. The King of Leinster, Diarmait Mac Murchada, after his exile by Ruaidhrí, enlisted the help of Strongbow, the Earl of Pembroke, to conquer Dublin. Location was great, easy access to public transport and restaurants nearby. Clarke, Howard (1995). These museumse explore everything from ancient animals that once inhabited Ireland to art gallerys and attractions such as the Guinness Storehouse. [164], Historically, Irish coffee houses and cafes were associated with those working in media. [143] It was developed as Dublin's cultural quarter and does retain this spirit as a centre for small arts productions, photographic and artists' studios, and in the form of street performers and small music venues; however, it has been criticised as overpriced, false and dirty by Lonely Planet. Dublin liegt durchschnittlich 20 Meter über dem Meeresspiegel. The Tudor conquest of Ireland in the 16th century spelt a new era for Dublin, with the city enjoying a renewed prominence as the centre of administrative rule in an Ireland where English control and settlement had become much more extensive. The National Transport Authority is responsible for integration of bus and rail services in Dublin and has been involved in introducing a pre-paid smart card, called a Leap card, which can be used on all of Dublin's public transport services. [157] The men's Irish cricket team also played their first Test match against Pakistan at Malahide Cricket Club Ground during 2018. Banner Slider. Dublin is the largest centre of education in Ireland, and is home to four universities and a number of other higher education institutions. A joint venture between the Irish Rugby Football Union, the FAI and the Government, saw it redeveloped into a new state-of-the-art 50,000 seat Aviva Stadium, which opened in May 2010. It went on to provide a breakthrough for some of the city's most famous writers, such as Synge, Yeats himself and George Bernard Shaw. [31] Around this time, the county of the City of Dublin was established along with certain liberties adjacent to the city proper. We do not guarantee the accuracy of the given coordinates of the places in our database. Saint Anne's Park is a public park and recreational facility, shared between Raheny and Clontarf, both suburbs on the Northside. Economic Activity, Tax & Employment", "Monitor: Dublin unemployment falls to lowest level in 10 years amid economic resurgence", "14th issue of the Dublin Economic Monitor", "Revealed: Dublin ranked worse than London or Paris for road congestion", "Report on trends in mode share of vehicles and people crossing the Canal Cordon 2006 to 2013", "Dublinbikes Strategic Planning Framework 2011–2016", "Passenger Journeys by Rail by Type of Journey and Year – StatBank – data and statistics", "Revealed: Preferred route for €3bn MetroLink from city centre to Dublin Airport unveiled", "Take a look inside the 10 busiest airports in Europe", "Record 2016 For Dublin Airport With Almost 28M Passengers", "Dublin Airport flying high after record year for transatlantic traffic – Independent.ie", "Celebrations and hard work begin after capital lands science 'Olympics' for 2012", "DCU incorporation of CICE, St Pats and Mater Dei", "Census 2016 -Non-Irish Nationalities Living in Ireland", "Polish – CSO – Central Statistics Office", "Population Usually Resident and Present in the State 2011 to 2016", "Romanian – CSO – Central Statistics Office", "Lithuanian – CSO – Central Statistics Office", "Italian – CSO – Central Statistics Office", "Spanish – CSO – Central Statistics Office", "Latvian – CSO – Central Statistics Office", "French – CSO – Central Statistics Office", "Call for improved infrastructure for Dublin", Dublin heralds a new era in publishing for immigrants, "Foreign nationals now 10% of Irish population", Catholic Church's Hold on Schools at Issue in Changing Ireland, "After Francis: what's the future for the church in Ireland? [138] Dublin also has many dramatic, musical and operatic companies, including Festival Productions, Lyric Opera Productions, the Pioneers' Musical & Dramatic Society, the Glasnevin Musical Society, Third Day Chorale, Second Age Theatre Company, Opera Theatre Company and Opera Ireland. ", "Census 2016 Sapmap Area: Settlements Dublin City And Suburbs. Latitude and longitude coordinates are: 53.350140, -6.266155. Find a station. [150][151] Suburban Dublin has several modern retail centres, including Dundrum Town Centre, Blanchardstown Centre, the Square in Tallaght, Liffey Valley Shopping Centre in Clondalkin, Omni Shopping Centre in Santry, Nutgrove Shopping Centre in Rathfarnham, and Swords Pavilions in Swords. Dublin is the largest city of Ireland located on the River Liffey, right at the place where it meets a small bay on the shores of the Dublin Bay of the Irish Sea. It has an urban area population of 1,173,179,[7] while the population of the Dublin Region (formerly County Dublin) as of 2016[update] was 1,347,359. [100] In 2015 and 2016, transatlantic traffic grew, with 158 summer flights a week to North America, making it the sixth largest European hub for that route over the year. Dublin, city, capital of Ireland, located on the east coast in the province of Leinster. As of the 2018 Michelin Guide, five Dublin restaurants shared six Michelin stars – including Restaurant Patrick Guilbaud with two. Vergleichen Sie Mietwagen in Dublin und finden Sie die günstigsten Angebote von allen großen Autovermietungen. Ringsend in the south of the city records the lowest rainfall in the country, with an average annual precipitation of 683 mm (27 in),[57] with the average annual precipitation in the city centre being 714 mm (28 in). In 2008, Irish barista Stephen Morrissey won the title of World Barista Champion.[166]. Mit dem Bus kann man den ganzen Ring erkunden oder man nimmt sich einen Mietwagen. [66] Largely complete by 1230, the castle was of typical Norman courtyard design, with a central square without a keep, bounded on all sides by tall defensive walls and protected at each corner by a circular tower. Beginning in the 9th and 10th century, there were two settlements which later became the modern Dublin. Dublin Airport (owned and operated by DAA) is located north of Dublin city, near Swords in the administrative county of Fingal. Following the partition of Ireland in 1922, it became the capital of the Irish Free State (1922–1937) and now is the capital of Ireland. [96], Dublin Connolly is connected by bus to Dublin Port and ferries run by Irish Ferries and Stena Line to Holyhead for connecting trains on the North Wales Coast Line to Chester, Crewe and London Euston. In 1348, the Black Death, a lethal plague which had ravaged Europe, took hold in Dublin and killed thousands over the following decade.[33][34]. The Abbey was founded in 1904 by a group that included Yeats with the aim of promoting indigenous literary talent. While the city has seen the loss of some traditional market sites, Moore Street remains one of the city's oldest trading districts. Currently cities including Paris, Zurich and Stockholm have been seen as seats for arbitration, however newer places, including Dublin could now attract high profile cases. The main precipitation in winter is rain; however snow showers do occur between November and March. The base of the monument is lit and the top is illuminated to provide a beacon in the night sky across the city. There are 12,950 students in the Dublin region attending 34 gaelscoileanna (Irish-language primary schools) and 10 gaelcholáistí (Irish-language secondary schools). It consists of a main building (completed 1911) with two wings (completed 1921). [134], Dublin has a significant literary history, and produced many literary figures, including Nobel laureates William Butler Yeats, George Bernard Shaw and Samuel Beckett. [29] Prisoners from slave raids and kidnappings, which captured men, women and children, brought revenue to the Gaelic Irish Sea raiders, as well as to the Vikings who had initiated the practice. The 2011 Census showed that 5.9 percent of commuters in Dublin cycled. I Love You filmed on location in County Wicklow and Dublin City in Ireland. Dublinia is a living history attraction showcasing the Viking and Medieval history of the city. The city has numerous shopping districts, particularly around Grafton Street and Henry Street. [148][149] In 2007, Dublin Food Co-op relocated to a warehouse in The Liberties area, where it is home to market and community events. Muhammad Ali fought there in 1972 and it played host to the opening and closing ceremonies of the 2003 Special Olympics. Handel's oratorio Messiah was first performed at Neal’s Music Hall, in Fishamble Street, on 13 April 1742. Following an economic decline during the Great Recession, Dublin has rebounded and as of 2017[update] has close to full employment,[39] but has a significant problem with housing supply in both the city and surrounds. [153] The Dublin GAA team plays most of their home league hurling games at Parnell Park. [50] There have also been some social divisions evident between the coastal suburbs in the east of the city, and the newer developments further to the west. For the village in Scotland, see, Capitals of European states and territories. Dublin city council has an International Relations Unit, established in 2007. The city had a population of 21,000 in 1640 before a plague in 1649–51 wiped out almost half of the inhabitants. Dublin was also a victim of the Northern Irish Troubles, although during this 30-year conflict, violence mainly occurred within Northern Ireland. One of the oldest is Dublin Castle, which was first founded as a major defensive work on the orders of England's King John in 1204, shortly after the Norman invasion of Ireland in 1169, when it was commanded that a castle be built with strong walls and good ditches for the defence of the city, the administration of justice, and the protection of the King's treasure. The national boxing arena is located in The National Stadium on the South Circular Road. [74][75] According to Mercer's 2011 Worldwide Cost of Living Survey, Dublin is the 13th most expensive city in the European Union (down from 10th in 2010) and the 58th most expensive place to live in the world (down from 42nd in 2010). [93], Dublin once had an extensive system of trams but this was largely phased out by 1949. [31] It remained a relatively small walled medieval town during the 14th century and was under constant threat from the surrounding native clans. There are also smaller specialised colleges, including The Gaiety School of Acting and the New Media Technology College. Hier wohnen Sie nur 10 Autominuten vom Stadtzentrum von Dublin entfernt. Dublin is a historical and contemporary centre for education, the arts, administration and industry. [101] Transatlantic traffic was also the fastest-growing segment of the market for the airport in 2016, in which a 16% increase from 2015 brought the yearly number of passengers travelling between Dublin and North America to 2.9 million. Finde einzigartige Unterkünfte bei lokalen Gastgebern in 191 Ländern. Aside from the main Glasnevin Campus, the Drumcondra campus includes the former St Patrick's College of Education, now also hosting students from the nearby Mater Dei Institute and students from the Church of Ireland College of Education.[107]. I.R.F.U. [160] The Great Ireland Run takes place in Dublin's Phoenix Park in mid-April.[161]. Februar – 10. [145][146] The 3Arena venue in the Dublin Docklands plays host to visiting global performers. Dublin City Museums Few cities offer as many museums as Dublin City. Drop-off at pick-up location Delivery to your preferred address. UCD Strategy 2020-2024. The first phase of a proposed eastern bypass for the city is the Dublin Port Tunnel, which officially opened in 2006 to mainly cater for heavy vehicles. In 1930, the boundaries were extended by the Local Government (Dublin) Act. Dublin is home to the National College of Art and Design, which dates from 1746, and Dublin Institute of Design, founded in 1991. It’s a comfortable, creative space where you can relax and enjoy perks like the canteen, vending machines and a spacious recreation room. Ireland's biggest libraries and literary museums are found in Dublin, including the National Print Museum of Ireland and National Library of Ireland. A new light rail system, often described as a tram system, the Luas, was launched in 2004, and is run by Transdev Ireland (under contract from Transport Infrastructure Ireland), carrying over 34 million passengers annually. The city has an important strategic and geopolitical location, so it used to be a witness of numerous wars and battles. Dublin Airport is the main entry point for travellers to Ireland . The residence of the President of Ireland (Áras an Uachtaráin), which was built in 1751,[73] is located in the park. [125][126] Since the late 1990s, Dublin has experienced a significant level of net immigration, with the greatest numbers coming from the European Union, especially the United Kingdom, Poland and Lithuania. Auf Rentalcars.com sparen Sie, egal ob Sie ein Luxusfahrzeug, einen … [129], The capital attracts the largest proportion of non-Catholic migrants from other countries. Dublin has several mid-range venues that host live music throughout the week, including Whelans and Vicar Street. The best known theatres include the Gaiety, Abbey, Olympia, Gate, and Grand Canal. The park, the second largest municipal park in Dublin, is part of a former 2-square-kilometre (0.8 sq mi; 500-acre) estate assembled by members of the Guinness family, beginning with Benjamin Lee Guinness in 1835 (the largest municipal park is nearby (North) Bull Island, also shared between Clontarf and Raheny), featuring a 5 km beach. In response to Strongbow's successful invasion, King Henry II of England affirmed his ultimate sovereignty by mounting a larger invasion in 1171 and pronounced himself Lord of Ireland. The National University of Ireland (NUI) has its seat in Dublin, which is also the location of the associated constituent university of University College Dublin (UCD), which has over 30,000 students. [76] As of 2017[update], approximately 874,400 people were employed in the Greater Dublin Area. Áth Cliath is a place name referring to a fording point of the River Liffey near Father Mathew Bridge. [105] It is situated in the city centre, on College Green, and has over 18,000 students.[106]. The Celtic Tiger also led to a temporary boom in construction, with large redevelopment projects in the Dublin Docklands and Spencer Dock. [165] Since the beginning of the 21st century, with the growth of apartment living in the city, Dublin's cafés attracted younger patrons looking for an informal gathering place and an ad hoc office. 33 Hostels in Dublin mit 59453 Bewertungen. April 2017. Learn more about Dublin in this article. [21] Historically, scribes using the Gaelic script wrote bh with a dot over the b, rendering Duḃlinn or Duiḃlinn. The 2016 TomTom Traffic Index ranked Dublin the 15th most congested city in the world and the 7th most congested in Europe.[82][83]. Dublin has become a major tourist destination and a fantastic … The headquarters of Ireland's flag carrier Aer Lingus and regional airlines Stobart Air and CityJet are located there, and those of low-cost carrier Ryanair nearby. Dublin Airport is the 11th busiest in the European Union,[98] and by far the busiest airport on the island of Ireland. Dublin City was first settled by Vikings more than 1,000 years ago. St Stephen's Green is adjacent to one of Dublin's main shopping streets, Grafton Street, and to a shopping centre named for it, while on its surrounding streets are the offices of a number of public bodies. [162] Irish-born Kevin Thornton was awarded two Michelin stars in 2001 – though his restaurant, Thornton's, closed in 2016. Nineteen TD's are elected in total.

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